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Tuesday, 2017-12-12, 7:23 AM

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Paper Sizes

 1 2 3 4 6 8 9 12 16 18 24 32
 17x27 13.5x17 9.0x17
 9x8.5 6.75x8.5 3x5.67 4.5x8.5 4.25x6.75
 20x30 15x20 10x20 10x15 10x10 7.5x10 6.67x10 5x10/
5x6.67 5x5  3.75x5
 22x28 14x22 9.3x22 11x14 9.3x11 7x11 7.33x9.33 4.65x115.5x7
 5.67x7.33 4.65x5.5 3.5x5.5
 23x36 18x23 12x23 11.5x18 11.5x12 9x11.5 7.33x12 6x11.55.75x9
 25x30 15x25 10x25 12.5x15 10x12.5 7.5x12.5 8.33x10 5x12.5
5x8.33 5x6.25  3.75x6.25
 17x24 12x17 8x17 8.5x12 8.5x8 6x8.5 5.67x84x8.5

Types OF Paper

Paper selection is an important element in print projects.

Selecting a paper can often be very confusing; there are numerous different types and brands of paper available today.
When selecting paper, be sure to keep in mind that the choice you make for your project will affect how it the printed
piece is perceived. Before placing a printing order, it is a good idea to request a paper sample for each paper you are
considering for the project.

What Distinguishes Different Papers?

Finish: The finish of a paper is it's surface texture. Uncoated and coated paper have different surface textures.

  • Wove or Smooth - A smooth uncoated surface.

  • Laid - A paper that is manufactured with textured lines on its surface. This finish is used mostly for business
stationery elements, like letterhead, envelopes and business cards.

  • Linen - Similar to a laid finish, this paper has textured lines on the surface of the sheet, but they are finer and
more regular than those that appear on a laid finish stock. This paper is also used frequently for business stationery.

  • Laser - A paper that is guaranteed to be compatible with laser printers.

  • Coated - A paper with a waxy finish (shiny or matte).

  • Uncoated - A paper with an untreated surface that is dull and unreflective.

  • Coated One Side (C1S) - A cover stock that has a coating on one side and is dull on the reverse side.

  • Coated Two Sides (C2S) - A cover stock that has a coating on both sides.

Weight: The weight of a paper refers to its thickness and is measured in pounds (#). The higher the number,
the more (equivalent) weight a paper has (the thicker/heavier the paper). *See the comparison table for more
information on weights.

Opacity: A paper's opacity is determined by its weight, ingredients and absorbency. A paper's opacity determines
 how much printing will show through on the reverse side of a sheet. Opacity is expressed in terms of it's percentage
 of reflection. Complete opacity is 100% and complete transparency is 0%.

Brightness: The brightness of a sheet of paper measures the percentage of a wavelength of blue light it reflects.
The brightness of a piece of paper is typically expressed on a scale of 1 to 100 with 100 being the brightest.
Most papers reflect 60-90% of light. The brightness of a paper affects readability, the perception of ink color
and the contrast between light and dark hues.

Types of Paper

Offset: Also known as book or text paper, offset paper can have a coated or uncoated finish. Offset paper is thinner
and lightweight. It is often used for publication interior sheets, brochures & flyers, and letterheads. Common offset
weights: 50#, 60#, 70#, 80#, 100#. Bond: Bond or writing papers are most often used for letterhead.
The most commonly recognized bond or writing stocks are:

  • 20# - A standard weight paper.

  • 24# - The preferred weight for most business papers (letterheads).

  • 28# - Heavier paper, less frequently used. Its thickness can sometimes pose problems feeding through laser printers.
It is often used for outer envelopes.

Cover: Cover stocks are heavy in weight, rigid and not easily folded. These papers are generally used for publication covers,
 business cards, greeting cards, folders, and postcards. They can have coated or uncoated finishes. Common weights for
cover stocks include: 65#, 80#, 100#, 120#, and 12pt.

Tag: Tag paper is a dense grade of paper that is strong, durable, and water resistant. Tag paper is typically used for hanging
tags such as store tags on clothing or other products.

Index: Index paper is a stiff, not too thick, inexpensive paper with a smooth finish. It is often used for index cards and folders.
Abrasive Kraft

Used For : Abrasive Kraft is used for making sand paper used in roughening applications.

Absorbent Kraft
Used For : Used for Laminates, tube making and defence applications.

Alkaline Paper
Paper having pH values greater than 7 made by an alkaline manufacturing process.

Anti Rust Paper
Paper which has the property of protecting the surfaces of ferrous metals against rust.

Antique Paper
Printing paper having good bulk and opacity with rough or matt surface.

Art Paper
Normally, china clay (kaolin) coated on both sides of the paper. This finish of both the sides is same, be it glossy or matt.

Used For : Brochures, calendars, magazine covers, magazine text, where high quality printing is required

Azurelaid Paper
A laid paper usually bluish green in colour having a good writing surface.

Barograph Paper
Red thin paper coated on one side with a white wax, so that the needle of the barograph leaves a red line on a white ground,

sold in rolls and coils and to suit the type of barograph.

Base Paper
This paper is generally used by a converter to either coat or laminate. Different grades are available for different applications.

Used For : Mostly used for converting into a value added grade

Battery Jacket
Used For : Used for Laminates, tube making and defence applications.

Beedi Wrap Paper
Used For : Used for decorative purposes in different colours.

Bible Paper
Thin white opaque heavily loaded, used for printing bibles. Not suitable for pen and ink, because of its absorbency.

Blade Wrapper (SS)
Used For : Used for making of small packs for keeping razor blades.

Bond Paper
This paper has good strength properties, good stiffness and good aesthetical look. The name "bond" was originally given

to a paper which was used for printing bonds, stock certificates, etc. Important characteristics are finish, strength,

and freeness fro

Used For : Mostly used for letterheads and for image building stationery

Book Paper
A general term used to define a class of papers used by the book publishing industry; most commonly used for the

book text paper but also for book cover paper.

Business Forms Paper
Paper made for the manufacture of business forms.

Used For : Used for business forms and data processing such as computer printouts.

Carbon Base
Carbon is normally manufactured in lower grammages like 20 gsm or less. The most important property in this

paper is porosity which should be controlled at about 15-20 ml/min, so that absorption leads to cost increase

while less absorption makes poor quality of carbon paper which is used many a time.

Carbon Paper
This thin paper could be either coated on one side or both sides with dry impressionable ink. The main function

being to impart an identical copy of the original on the substrate.

Used For : Mostly used where more than one copy is required simultaneously.

Carbonless Paper
Paper stock specially treated or coated to provide copies without the use of interleaved carbon. The copy process

requires mechanical pressure such as from writing or typing and sometimes a chemical reaction.

Used For : Application forms, computer stationery, time saving stationery. Also used in copying

applications without carbon paper.

A range of various boards such as pulp board, paste board, bristol board, ivory board, art board, chromo board

in the form of a coherent sheet or web used for printing, packaging, decorating etc.

Cast Coated Paper
A coated paper with high gloss and absorptivity in which the coating has been allowed to harden or set while

in contact with a mirror like polished chrome surface.

Chromo Paper
China clay (kaolin) coated on one side. The coating on one side could be glossy or matt as per

requirement of the customer.

Used For : Mainly used for self adhesive stickers, calendars , posters, labels and for applications

where only one side has to be printed

Cigarette Slide
Used For : Used for making of Cigarette Slides (180-200 gsm).Pulp board are multi layer boards can be used

Cigarette Tissue
It is a product of fashion. Hence brightness and whiteness of paper needs to be maintained. It is highly technical.

Used For : Used in bobbins of 25 mm width or so.

Cinema Poster
Used For : For printing Cinema posters, Wall papers

Clay Coating Base Paper
Used For : Used for coating with Clay for making chromo and art paper

Coated Paper
Paper could be coated on either or both sides. Coating applied on the paper could be as per the requirement.

For example, china clay coating for glossy paper used for high quality printing or gum coated paper

for use of printing stamps

Used For : Could have different applications for different coated papers

Copier Paper
Mainly used for copying. Used extensively in photocopiers, plain paper faxes, etc. and other office stationery.

Thickness could range from 70 GSM onwards.

Used For : Copying, typing, plain paper faxes, general stationery

Creamwove Paper
Used For : Used for Computer Stationery purposes.

Defence Krafts
Used For : Used for Laminates, tube making and defence applications.

Diary Paper
Used For : Used for making of diaries and sometimes for book printing and other applications.

Diazo Base Paper
The process involves coating of paper with Diazo solutions and a coupler. This is exposed to ultra

violet rays coming through the image. The final print is developed by making the coating alkaline.

In some cases it is developed by ammonia vapour.

Used For : Used for making of ammonia paper for image recording.

Electrical Insulating Papers
Used For : Used for Electrical insulation.

Extensible Sack Kraft
This paper is characterised by very high stretch and high capability to absorb tensile energy.

Used For : Used for packaging in sacks, the bulk commodities.

Fax Base Paper
It is first coated with photo conductive zinc oxide on which images exposed. Hence electrical conductivity / resistivity

is to be controlled to ensure that the image is not conducted through the paper to the other side

Used For : For making Fax images

Flexible Carton Board
Used For : Used for making Flexible Cartons.

Fluorescent Paper
Used For : Used for Labels, Posters and decorative applications.

Fluting Medium
Used For : Used for Corrugated Board manufacturing.

Foil Base Poster, Board
Paper is laminated with metal foil using a suitable adhesive. Hence paper must have porosity to accept glue.

Used For : Used for lamination of paper with metal foil.

General Writing Paper (Note book)
Paper used for Note Books should have excellent bulks because note book should appear bulky,

as otherwise it will be perceived as having less number of pages. Another important factor is cobb,

since writing ink must go into the paper instantly and dry.

Used For : Used for note books.

Glassine Paper
These papers are characterised by very low porosity (air permeability less than 10 cubic cm min.

Preservation of aroma and perfection against attack of external environment to the packed contents

are also important qualities of the subject papers.

Used For : Used for food packagings and other special wrapping applications.

Greaseproof Paper
These papers are characterised by very low porosity (air permeability less than 10 cubic cm min.

This gives resistance to grease and moisture. Preservation of aroma and perfection against attack of

external environment to the packed contents are also important qualities of the subject papers.

Used For : Used for food packagings and other special wrapping applications.

Gypsum Board
Used For : This is used for making panel boards for interior partitions, false ceiling etc.

Ice Cream Cup
Used For : Used for making Ice Cream Cups.

Inter Leaving Kraft
Used For : Inter Leaving Kraft is used for separation of steel sheets in a stack.

Kite Poster
Used For : Used for decorative, purpose, Kites

Label Paper
Labels are normally printed on offset machine. Hence good wax pick is required. Wire side of the

paper used for application of gum should have adequate porosity. Good printability, compressibility,

absorbency and ink hold out give satisfactory printing.

Used For : Used for printing of labels in multi colour.

Laser Paper
Used For : Used for printing purposes where Laser beams are used.

Liner Board
Used For : Used for Corrugated Board manufacturing.

Metalisation Base Paper
Used For : Used for vacuum metalisation for packaging applications.

MICR Cheque Paper
MICR stands for Magnetic Ink Character Recognition. Codes, figures and words are read by computer

by magnetic field created on them. By careful formulations the paper is designed to react against a wide range

of ink eradicators. It gives a characteristic coloured stain of "flare up" on contact with acid, alkali, bleach and

organic solvents like acetone, benzene, ethanol.

Used For : Used in making of cheques which are processed by computer.

Multi Part Stationery
Used For : Multi part stationery paper is used for computer applications where number of copies are

printed in one attempt.

It has to be made with adequate strength properties and surface characteristics; especially wax pick.

Optical properties brightness is required for better readability and appeal (with ink to paper contrast

which improves readability of print) and opacity.

Used For : Used for printing our daily news papers and associated issues. It is used under very stringent

shop-floor conditions by the news paper blouses for printing our daily news papers and associated.

One Time Carbon (OTC) Paper
A carbon paper intended to be used once as opposed to many times or multiple use carbon papers.

Used For : Mostly used in multi-part continuous stationery.

Poly Extrusin Base Paper
Used For : Used for Poly Extrusin for packaging.

Sanitary Tissue
Sanitary Tissues are made with rag pulp content in lower grammages from 5 gsm onward. Normal gsm range is 15 to 30.

These papers are made in soft loosely felted conditions in order to obtain max. absorbency so that they can take

water quickly and hold it after absorption. Made with high content of Alpha Cellulose or Rag %, they are treated

with wetting agents to improve absorbency.

Used For : Used as Paper Towels, napkins, toilet tissues etc.

Shell Boards
Used For : Used for making of Cigarette Slides (180-200 gsm).Pulp board are multi layer boards can be used

Soap Wrapper Poster (ARSR)
Used For : Used for Wrapping of Soaps and detergents.

Soap Wrapper Poster (TDL)
Used For : Used for Wrapping of Soaps and detergents.

Tea Bag Paper
Used For : Used for retail packing of tea.

Textile Tubes and Cones
Used For : Used for Laminates, tube making and defence applications.

Twist Wrap tissue
It possess properties of with standing breaking stress when twisted during packing of toffees. High bursting

strength combined with excellent machine runnability makes it suitable for special packing operations which

require papers with high twisting properties.

Used For : It is used in packing of pharmaceutical products after poly lamination or coating.

Wall Paper
Coated with multiple colours or floral designs.

Used For : Used as an alternative to paint. To give better aesthetic appeal to the walls.

Yellow Pages
Paper used for this needs to have high bulk (1.1 to 1.2), high tensile strength of about 2 kg/15 mm in MD and

good opacity (90%) so that the fine print made on thin paper like 40 gsm would be readable on both side.

Excellent reel build up is required for smooth feeding during printing. This requires every uniform

profile of bulk, gsm, caliper, moisture etc.

Used For : Used for printing classified addresses and information in telephone directory.

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