Thursday, 2018-12-13, 5:41 AM
Types OF Paper
Paper selection is an important element in print projects.
Selecting a paper can often be very confusing; there are numerous different types and brands of paper available today.
When selecting paper, be sure to keep in mind that the choice you make for your project will affect how it the printed
piece is perceived. Before placing a printing order, it is a good idea to request a paper sample for each paper you are
considering for the project.
What Distinguishes Different Papers?
Finish: The finish of a paper is it's surface texture. Uncoated and coated paper have different surface textures.
Weight: The weight of a paper refers to its thickness and is measured in pounds (#). The higher the number,
the more (equivalent) weight a paper has (the thicker/heavier the paper). *See the comparison table for more
information on weights.
Opacity: A paper's opacity is determined by its weight, ingredients and absorbency. A paper's opacity determines
how much printing will show through on the reverse side of a sheet. Opacity is expressed in terms of it's percentage
of reflection. Complete opacity is 100% and complete transparency is 0%.
Brightness: The brightness of a sheet of paper measures the percentage of a wavelength of blue light it reflects.
The brightness of a piece of paper is typically expressed on a scale of 1 to 100 with 100 being the brightest.
Most papers reflect 60-90% of light. The brightness of a paper affects readability, the perception of ink color
and the contrast between light and dark hues.
Types of Paper
Offset: Also known as book or text paper, offset paper can have a coated or uncoated finish. Offset paper is thinner
and lightweight. It is often used for publication interior sheets, brochures & flyers, and letterheads. Common offset
weights: 50#, 60#, 70#, 80#, 100#. Bond: Bond or writing papers are most often used for letterhead.
The most commonly recognized bond or writing stocks are:
Cover: Cover stocks are heavy in weight, rigid and not easily folded. These papers are generally used for publication covers,
business cards, greeting cards, folders, and postcards. They can have coated or uncoated finishes. Common weights for
cover stocks include: 65#, 80#, 100#, 120#, and 12pt.
Tag: Tag paper is a dense grade of paper that is strong, durable, and water resistant. Tag paper is typically used for hanging
tags such as store tags on clothing or other products.
Index: Index paper is a stiff, not too thick, inexpensive paper with a smooth finish. It is often used for index cards and folders.
Used For : Abrasive Kraft is used for making sand paper used in roughening applications.
Used For : Brochures, calendars, magazine covers, magazine text, where high quality printing is required
sold in rolls and coils and to suit the type of barograph.
Used For : Mostly used for converting into a value added grade
to a paper which was used for printing bonds,
stock certificates, etc. Important characteristics
are finish, strength,
and freeness fro
Used For : Mostly used for letterheads and for image building stationery
book text paper but also for book cover paper.
Used For : Used for business forms and data processing such as computer printouts.
paper is porosity which should be controlled at about 15-20 ml/min, so that absorption leads to cost increase
while less absorption makes poor quality of carbon paper which is used many a time.
being to impart an identical copy of the
original on the substrate.
Used For : Mostly used where more than one copy is required simultaneously.
requires mechanical pressure such as from writing or typing and sometimes a chemical reaction.
For : Application forms, computer stationery, time
saving stationery. Also used in copying
applications without carbon paper.
in the form of a coherent sheet or web used for printing, packaging, decorating etc.
in contact with a mirror like polished chrome surface.
requirement of the customer.
For : Mainly used for self adhesive stickers, calendars
, posters, labels and for applications
where only one side has to be printed
Used For : Used in bobbins of 25 mm width or so.
Coating Base Paper
For example, china clay coating for glossy paper used for high quality printing or gum coated paper
for use of printing stamps
Used For : Could have different applications for different coated papers
Thickness could range from 70 GSM onwards.
Used For : Copying, typing, plain paper faxes, general stationery
violet rays coming through the image. The final print is developed by making the coating alkaline.
In some cases it is developed by ammonia vapour.
Used For : Used for making of ammonia paper for image recording.
Used For : Used for packaging in sacks, the bulk commodities.
is to be controlled to ensure that the image is not conducted through the paper to the other side
Used For : For making Fax images
Base Poster, Board
Used For : Used for lamination of paper with metal foil.
Writing Paper (Note book)
it will be perceived as having less number of pages.
Another important factor is cobb,
since writing ink must go into the paper instantly and dry.
Used For : Used for note books.
Preservation of aroma and perfection against attack of external environment to the packed contents
are also important qualities of the subject papers.
Used For : Used for food packagings and other special wrapping applications.
gives resistance to grease and moisture. Preservation
of aroma and perfection against attack of
external environment to the packed contents are also important qualities of the subject papers.
Used For : Used for food packagings and other special wrapping applications.
paper used for application of gum should have adequate porosity. Good printability, compressibility,
absorbency and ink hold out give satisfactory printing.
Used For : Used for printing of labels in multi colour.
by magnetic field created on them. By careful formulations the paper is designed to react against a wide range
ink eradicators. It gives a characteristic coloured
stain of "flare up" on contact with acid, alkali,
organic solvents like acetone, benzene, ethanol.
Used For : Used in making of cheques which are processed by computer.
printed in one attempt.
Optical properties brightness is required for better
readability and appeal (with ink to paper contrast
which improves readability of print) and opacity.
For : Used for printing our daily news papers and
associated issues. It is used under very stringent
shop-floor conditions by the news paper blouses for printing our daily news papers and associated.
Time Carbon (OTC) Paper
Used For : Mostly used in multi-part continuous stationery.
Extrusin Base Paper
These papers are made in soft loosely
felted conditions in order to obtain max. absorbency
so that they can take
water quickly and hold it after absorption. Made with high content of Alpha Cellulose or Rag %, they are treated
with wetting agents to improve absorbency.
Used For : Used as Paper Towels, napkins, toilet tissues etc.
Wrapper Poster (ARSR)
Wrapper Poster (TDL)
Tubes and Cones
strength combined with excellent machine runnability
makes it suitable for special packing operations which
require papers with high twisting properties.
Used For : It is used in packing of pharmaceutical products after poly lamination or coating.
Used For : Used as an alternative to paint. To give better aesthetic appeal to the walls.
good opacity (90%) so that the fine print made
on thin paper like 40 gsm would be readable on both
Excellent reel build up is required for smooth
feeding during printing. This requires every uniform
profile of bulk, gsm, caliper, moisture etc.
For : Used for printing classified addresses and information
in telephone directory.